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古玩城2020精品推荐第五期:五帝钱

来源:未知 时间:2020-08-05 20:08:10

五帝钱一般是指“清代五帝钱”,是清朝最兴盛的五位帝王(顺治、康熙、雍正、乾隆和嘉庆)在位期间所铸造的古钱。这五位帝王相继在位180年,是清朝最辉煌的时期,在位期间国势强盛,出现了历史上著名的“康乾盛世”。五帝钱距今有300年左右的历史,材质属于黄铜,呈现颜色为黄色,广为传世,经万人之手,大量流传下来。

The money of five emperors generally refers to the money of five emperors in Qing Dynasty. It is the ancient money cast by the five most prosperous emperors of Qing Dynasty (Shunzhi, Kangxi, Yongzheng, Qianlong and Jiaqing). The five emperors have been in power for 180 years, which is the most brilliant period of the Qing Dynasty. During the reign, the national power was strong, and the famous "prosperous period of Kang and Qian" appeared in history. The five emperors' money has a history of about 300 years. It is made of brass and is yellow in color. It is widely handed down and handed down in large quantities by the hands of thousands of people.

乾隆通宝,是清高宗乾隆时期(1736-1795年)的流通货币。乾隆皇帝在位的60年里施展其“文治武功”的治国策略,创造了封建社会里最后一个辉煌盛世,之后民间便盛传佩带“乾隆通宝”铜钱可驱灾辟邪,又因乾隆二字谐音“钱隆”而备受后世藏家所喜爱。乾隆通宝的铸造工艺了得,奠基了该古钱币在将来钱币珍藏界中的重要位置,这不只反映了该时代的经济开展程度,还表现了该历史时期极为精湛的铸币工艺,有着极为深厚的历史研究意义。

Tongbao of Qianlong was the currency of Qianlong period (1736-1795). During the 60 years of Emperor Qianlong's reign, he carried out his strategy of "governing the country with culture and martial arts", which created the last glorious era in the feudal society. Later, it was widely said that wearing "Qianlong Tongbao" copper coins could drive away disasters and evil spirits. Because of the homonym "Qianlong", it was loved by later collectors. The casting technology of Qianlong Tongbao is excellent, which lays the foundation for the important position of the ancient coins in the future coin collection. It not only reflects the economic development degree of the era, but also shows the extremely exquisite casting technology of the historical period, which has a profound historical research significance.

 

嘉庆通宝铸于清仁宗嘉庆年间。嘉庆时出现了一些楷书钱文,如嘉庆万寿楷书大钱,有光背及背巨星二式,可能是西南地区所铸。按清初以来的制钱不讲究书法,但嘉庆宝黔局小平却有一种楷书钱文,写得清秀工整,令人耳目一新。嘉庆钱背还出现了草书钱文,如嘉庆通宝背桂桂、康康、寿寿,均是右楷左草,估计也属宫钱性质。

Jiaqing Tongbao was cast in the reign of zongjiaqing. During Jiaqing period, some regular articles appeared, such as Jiaqing Wanshou regular big money, with two styles of light back and back superstar, which may have been cast in Southwest China. According to the money making since the early Qing Dynasty, there was no emphasis on calligraphy, but Xiaoping of jiaqingbao Guizhou bureau had a kind of regular , which was neat and fresh. In Jiaqing, there are also cursive money texts on the back of money, such as GuiGui, Kangkang and Shoushou on the back of Tongbao in Jiaqing, all of which are right regular and left cursive, which are also estimated to be palace money.

康熙通宝,清代钱币。铸于清圣祖康熙年间。康熙通宝按照背面文字可以分成两大类:一类是仿“顺治四式”的满文钱。钱背满文“宝泉”、“宝源”左读,是户、工两部所造。另外一类是仿“顺治五式”满汉文钱。康熙通宝有小平及当十大钱。除宝源、宝泉二局以满文纪局外,各省均以满汉字纪局名,穿左铸满文,穿右铸汉文。各省铸钱均为小平。折十大钱为宝源局所铸,面文离郭隔轮,背满文宝源列穿左右。

Kangxi Tongbao, coins of Qing Dynasty. It was cast in the reign of Emperor Kangxi. According to the characters on the back, Kangxi Tongbao can be divided into two categories: one is the Manchu money imitating the four types of Shunzhi. Qian Beiman's left reading of "Baoquan" and "Baoyuan" is made by the household and the industry. The other is to imitate "Shunzhi five styles" in Chinese. Kangxi Tongbao has Xiaoping and ten big money. In addition to Baoyuan and Baoquan bureaus, all provinces are named after the Bureau of Manchu characters, with Manchu characters on the left and Chinese characters on the right. All the money cast in each province is Xiaoping. The ten large coins were cast by Baoyuan Bureau. The face text was separated from Guo's wheel, and the back full of Baoyuan was arranged around.

 

顺治通宝是满清入关后铸行的第一种钱币,从最初的仿明钱铸币到逐步完善为规范系统的满清币制,它的铸行过程是清朝建立初期对币制不断探索和总结的过程。此后自康熙以来,清朝历代的铸币都是依照顺治钱式铸造。

Shunzhi Tongbao is the first coin that was cast after the entry of the Qing Dynasty. Its casting process is a process of continuous exploration and summary of the currency system in the early Qing Dynasty. Since then, the coins of the Qing Dynasty have been minted according to the Shunzhi style.

 

雍正通宝铸造时,清王朝正处在康乾盛世的顶峰期,相比之后的乾隆通宝,嘉庆通宝而言,它的质量较大,对通货的控制能力也较强。而相比之前的顺治通宝而言,由于雍正年间处在清朝最鼎盛的时期,社会安定,作为盛世的产物,雍正通宝的版式最为简单

At the time of Yongzheng Tongbao's casting, the Qing Dynasty was at the peak of KangQian era. Compared with Qianlong Tongbao and Jiaqing Tongbao, its quality was higher and its control over currency was stronger. Compared with Shunzhi Tongbao, Yongzheng Tongbao was in the most prosperous period of the Qing Dynasty, with stable society. As a product of the prosperous period, the layout of Yongzheng Tongbao was the simplest

 

五帝钱是灵器,是法物,它兼具了帝王之威和民族之神。五帝钱具有古钱所有的功用,避灾、保佑、祈福等。但与普通古钱相比,不论是大五帝钱还是小五帝钱,它们更多汇聚了华夏大地之灵气、中华民族之灵气、真命天子之灵气、传承百家之灵气。

The five emperors' money is a spiritual tool and a legal thing. It has both the authority of the emperor and the God of the nation. Five emperors' money has all the functions of ancient money, such as avoiding disaster, blessing and praying. However, compared with the ordinary ancient money, no matter the big five or the small five, they gather the spirit of China, the spirit of the Chinese nation, the spirit of the son of God, and the spirit of inheriting hundreds of families.

 

品相是用来表示收藏品的完好程度。古钱作为收藏品的一种,也具有自身的评价标准。此五枚钱币,都可评为美品,色泽圆润,保存极为完好,实属难得。

The appearance is used to indicate the intactness of the collection. As a kind of collection, ancient money also has its own evaluation standard. These five coins, all of which can be rated as beautiful ones, are round in color and well preserved, which is really rare.

 

物以稀为贵,在历史更迭的过程中,能够妥善保存同时品相良好的真品五帝钱也是越来越少了,即使有也被很多人作为私品收藏,故而能够流通在市面上的五帝钱价格也是扶摇直上。

In the process of historical change, the five emperors' money, which can be preserved properly and with good quality at the same time, is also less and less. Even if there is one, it is also collected by many people as a private product. Therefore, the price of the five emperors' money that can be circulated in the market is soaring.

 

 

 

 

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